Thursday, July 26, 2012

Zaynab the Daughter of Prophet Peace Be Upon Him

Zaynab was born ten years before her father was commissioned as a Prophet. She was the first child born to Muhammad (PBUH) and Khadeejah, and she belonged to the noblest parents in the world. Her father, Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah (Peace Be Upon Him) was the one Allah sent as a mercy to the all humanity. He was the chief of the Prophets and the Seal of the Messengers.
Her mother, Khadeejah, was the best of all females of the human race. She was superior in lineage, nobility, virtue and knowledge. She was married to the dearest of Allah's creatures to Him.
Zaynab's growth
She was born to a great Qurayshi man, of a noble descent that had no equal in all Arabia. She was well received by that home of unparalleled repute, because she was a product of a happy marriage that was based upon mutual love, sincere affection and great respect.
Zaynab, when she arrived at her parent's home, was a sweet basil that exuded a lovely fragrance and an overwhelming splendor. Like other children of noble Arabs, she was given to a wet nurse. When she had had her share of that, the gracious home of her parents embraced her with great love and affection once again.
As she grew into an adolescent, her mother started training her to shoulder domestic responsibilities. She tried to keep her away from childhood frivolities. While she was still a young girl, Zaynab was an attentive teacher and a caring sister to her younger sister Fatimah. She would take care of her needs and play with her. This responsibility became greater after the death of their mother, Khadeejah.
Marriage proposal
When Zaynab was old enough for marriage, her cousin (the son of her maternal aunt), Abu al-'Aas ibn Rabee' came forward, asking for her hand in marriage. He was very close to his aunt Khadeejah, who treated him like her own son and showed love and compassion to him. He was - despite his young age - one of the leading merchants, a wise young man who commanded the respect of the people and their elders.
Abu al Aas came forward and asked for Zaynab's hand in marriage. The Messenger of Allah Peace Be Upon Him received him well and listened to him attentively, but he requested that he be allowed to ask the person most concerned.
The Messenger of Allah (Peace be Upon Him) went to his daughter Zaynab aud told her, "Daughter, your cousin, Abu al-Aas Ibn Rabee', is interested in you." Zaynab kept quiet out of shyness, and she did not utter a word. Her face became red, but the beating of her pure heart and the shutting of her eyes were the best answer.
The Messenger of Allah Peace Be Upon Him smiled, and did not repeat the question. He then went back to Abu al-Aas and gave him a congratulatory handshake and supplicated for blessings.
In the matrimonial home
In their matrimonial home, Zaynab and her husband, Abu al' Aas enjoyed extreme happiness and mutual love.  Zaynab bore two children to Abu al Aas a boy named 'Ali and a girl named Umamah. This brought: the happiness of their household to perfection, and the entire household was full of cheerfulness and delight. The two children were the Prophet's first grandchildren.
One day, when Abu al-Aas was on one of his journeys. a great event happened: The Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) was called to Prophethood and was commissioned to deliver a divine message. Zaynab followed her father and embraced Islam, as did her mother and her sisters. When her husband came back from his journey, she told him what had happened while he was away. He also heard the same news from other people.
Abu al-Aas told his beloved wife, Zaynab, "By Allah, I have nothing against your father, and nothing would be dearer to me than following the same path with you, my dear. But I would hate for people to say that r have disappointed my clan by disbelieving in the deities of my ancestors in order to please my wife. Can you please excuse me?" They then embraced each other.
Suddenly, they separated as if a barrier had been erected between them. On that night, neither of them slept. Nor did they sleep on subsequent nights.

Zaynab awoke one morning to hear that the Quraysh were in pursuit of the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him), who had left Makkah for Yathrib (Medinah) as an emigrant. When she heard of his safe arrival there, she was happy. After some days, an envoy'?' came from Yathrib and escorted Zaynab's sisters, Umm Kulthum and Fatimah, to Madinah. Zaynab remained in Makkah in her husband's house, waiting for Allah's decision concerning her situation.
Battle of Badr
After the immigration of Prophet Peace Be Upon Him and Companions to Medinah, the Quraish of Mecca wanted to destroy this small and growing power for ever so that their supremacy remain in the Arab World. Quraish of Makkah launched an attack on Medina. When Prophet Peace Be Upon Him heard he decided to confront the arriving army out of Medinah at a place called Badr and this Battle was called battle of Badr. It was 17th Ramdan. Muslim army camped there, waiting for arrival of the Quraysh.
Abu al-'Aas, the captive!
Abu al- 'Aas had set out in the company of Quraysh during their mobilization to protect their caravan that was being threatened by the Muslims. A fight at Badr; the Muslims won, and Abu al-Aas was taken captive at the hands of Muslims.
When the captives were: paraded before the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him), told those who were holding him, "Treat the captives well."
Back in Makkah, Zaynab was in an unenviable position. When it was time to ransom the captives, she wanted her husband returned to her, and by that aroused the concern of her great father. She brought out from her jewelry box a necklace that used to be her mother's, and which Khadeejah had presented to her as a gift on her wedding day. She gave this necklace to her brother-in-law, "Amr ibn Rabee', and asked him to take it and present it as ransom for her husband.
As soon as the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) saw that necklace, he had a feeling of extreme compassion, and his heart palpitated from the vivid memory. The Companions who were present gazed in amazement, having being captivated by the significance of the situation. After a long silence, the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) addressed the Companions who were holding Zaynab's husband, saying, "If you can release your captive to her and return her property (the necklace) to her, do so."
They all said, "Yes, we will do so, Messenger of Allah!"
The separation
Nevertheless, the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) requested that Abu al-'Aas send Zaynab to him, because Islam had already separated them. Abu al-Aas made a pledge that he would do so.
Abu al-'As returned to Makkah, and his wife was very happy to have him back; but sorrow and distress could be seen all over his face. He told his wife, "Zaynab, I have come to bid you farewell," and he told her of the pledge he had made to her father that he would send her to him.
Zaynab reluctantly departed from Makkah and bade Abu al' Aas an emotional farewell. He told her, "Zaynab, whatever happens, I shall always love you as long as I live.  However, as she was on her way out of the city, the Quraysh accosted her, and returned her forcibly to Makkah. She was terrified by what had happened. Abu al-'Aas gave her protection in his house and took care of her until she regained some of her health and strength.
One day, he seized upon Quraysh's inattention and sent her out of Makkah in the company of his brother Kinanah, who brought her safely to the Messenger of Allah.
Captive once again
Abu al-'As travelled to Syria with a Qurayshi caravan. When information reached the Messenger of Allah (Peace be Upon Him) that the caravan was on its way back from Syria, he sent Zayd ibn Harithah, in the company of one hundred and seventy riders, to waylay it. They met the caravan at a place called 'Ees. They overcame the caravan and returned to Medinah, taking those who were guarding the caravan as captives.
As for Abu al- 'Aas, he was able to escape, and that night sought refuge in the house of his former wife, Zaynab. Who gave him protection. It was in the night. When the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) finished the fajr prayer, Zaynab stood up in the mosque and called out, interceding on behalf of her former husband: "I have given protection to Abu al-'Aas ibn Rabee'!"
The Messenger of Allah (Peace be Upon Him) said, "0 people, did you hear what I have just heard?" The people answered in the affirmative. He then said, "I swear by Him in Whose Hand is my life, I knew nothing of this matter until I heard what you have also heard now." He added,
"The Muslims are like one hand against those who are inside their community, and the lowest of the Muslims is entitled to give protection on behalf of the rest of his fellow Muslims. So we give protection to the one to whom she has given protection."
When the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) returned home, his daughter Zaynab came to him and requested that Abu al-'Aas be given back the property that had been taken from him in the raid on the caravan. He agreed, but warned her that she should not allow him have any conjugal relations with her, because she was not lawful for him as long as he was still a polytheist.
How did he escape to Zaynab?
After those who were with him had been either killed or captured, Abu al-' Aas could no longer face the situation. He used the cover of the night to escape into what looked like a thicket of heavily branched trees, and hid there. He stayed there in a chilling cold, fearing what might be his fate.
After a part of the night had passed, the Muslims who had attacked him, killed his companions and prevailed over their property had left. Abu al- 'Aas thought hard: what should he do now? Should he come out of his hiding place and head for Makkah alone, with no provisions and no mount to ride on? Or should he go to the house of Zaynab, his beloved and dutiful former wife, who would never refuse to give him shelter and protection?
He was overwhelmed by love and sincere feelings, so he sneaked to her house under the cover of night and knocked at her door. The throbbing of his disturbed heart could be heard louder than his knocking on the door.
Zaynab woke up in fear, wondering who could be knocking at her door at this hour of the night. She asked who it was at the door, and the voice was one she recognized: - the sonorous, shaking voice of Abu al-'Aas
She opened the door and met her beloved husband. In this encounter, It was their eyes that talked, rather than their tongues; it was their two hearts that took hold of one another, rather than their hands; and it was their souls that embraced one another, rather than their arms. And the eyes shed plentiful tears.
Zaynab brought Abu al-' Aas in, fed him, offered him a seat and did all that she could to make him comfortable and relaxed. In spite of having regained some peace of mind, Abu al- 'Aas was still anxious and afraid, and he could utter only a few Worlds. Zaynab knew that he had come to seek her protection and shelter and to ask her to intercede with her father on his behalf. She assured him that, if Allah willed, she would do alleviate his suffering and doubts.
When Abu al- 'Aas felt that he could attain security in Medinah and that the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) had provided refuge and shelter to him, he experienced the magnanimity and truthfulness that were part of Islam, and he realized that the blind state of ignorance in which he was living had misled him for too long.
He also realized that Zaynau's love for "him, and his love for her, was full' rooted in both their hearts. When he realized this, he wanted to enter into the fold of this pure religion willingly; there was no coercion. Be wanted to proclaim his acceptance of Islam,
But he thought,
'but' that Abu al- 'Aas hesitated a little. His Arab gallantry and tribal pride swirled up in him. He resolved that he would not allow his proclamation of Islam to be attributed to any influence or pressure. He did not want anyone in Makkah to claim that he had accepted Islam far the love of this wife, or the fear of death Or anything else. He decided to proclaim his Islam in the assemblies of Makkah, in front of all and sundry.
There was another issue that concerned him: he had the property of other people in his trust. If he remained in Medinah and announced his Islam there, people would say that he wanted [0 escape from returning this property to those to whom they were due. His sense of honor would not permit this. Therefore, he returned to Makkab, returned the trusts to whom they were due and then proclaimed his Islam in the assembly of the Quraysh, in the presence of many people. He did so in a dignified and honorable manner. Once he had done all that, he went to Madinah as a Muslim and an immigrant, upon his arrival in Madinah. The Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) gave Zaynab back to him. The happy reunion took place, and the marriage contract was completed anew. The happiness and prosperity for which their household had been known before, returned.
The final separation
For a whole year afterwards, the loving couple lived in Medinah in happiness and contentment. Then came the eternal separation after which there is no reunion except in the abode of the Hereafter. Zaynab died at the beginning of the 5th year of the Hijrah from complications of a hemorrhage from which she had been suffering since her migration.
Abu ai-'Aas shed hot tears because of her death, which drove those who were around him to tears of sympathy. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be Upon Him) came with eyes full of tears and a heart full of sorrow. Zaynabs death reminded him of the death of his wife, Khadeejah. He told the women gathered around Zaynab's corpse, "Wash her three times, and use camphor in the third wash."
He performed funeral prayers over her and escorted her to her final resting place.
Abu al- 'Aas returned to his children, 'Ali and Umamah, kissing them and wetting them with his tears while remembering the face of his departed darling.
May Allah reward Zaynab, the Prophet's daughter, with Paradise for her patience, endurance and struggle! May Allah be pleased with her, and please her!

Thursday, July 19, 2012

Contributions of Muslim Scientist to the world of Physics


·         Force, Motion and Light
·         The balance
·         Elasticity of Air
·         Steam Bath
·         Science of Optics
·         Research in Spherical and Parabolic Mirrors
·         Research in Angles of Incidence and reflection

Muslim Scientist studied the fundamental questions of physics deeply. Ibn Sina made profound studies of such phenomena as force, motion, light heat and vacuums name few. A great progress was made in theoretical and applied mechanics.
The physicist and astronomer al-Khazini wrote a book on mechanics and hydrostatics and physics known as Kitab Mizan al Hikmah ( book of Balance of Wisdom. Umar al-Khayyam did the greatest work on the balance. Ibn Sina and Al-Razzi ( D 924CE) contributed to the theory of balance. Muslims developed science of optics. Ibn al-Haytham made a remarkable contribution towards this science. Indeed modern optics began with him. Al biruni noticed that the speed of light is immensely greater than that of light. 

Wednesday, July 18, 2012

Muslims Contribution to Mathamatics

Mathematics –
·         Number Zero
·         Arabic Numbers
·         Algorithms
·         Al Khawarizmi’s Work on Algebra
·         Determining roots of Quadratic Equations
·         Sine and Cosine Tables
·         Cubic Equations
·         Work of Banu Musa on Geometry
The symbols used today for numbers in the West are derived from the Arabic symbols. Algebra was made exact science by Muslims. Al Khwarizmi named his book dealing with this subject al Al Kitab al Mukhtsur fi Hisab al-Jabr wa al Muqabala ( The Book of Rstitution and Comparison) Algorithm was derived from his work. He wrote an encyclopedic work dealing with arithmetic, geometry, music and astronomy.
Abu Said al- Darir al Jurajani ( d 845) who was Muslim Astronomer and Mathematician , wrote on geometrical problem.
Umar ibn Ibrahim Al Khayyam was one of greatest Muslim Mathematicians and astronomer of Middle Ages. He discussed cubic equations. Another mathematician and geographer was Al Hassan ibn Ali al Murrakushi, who flourished until 1262 CE. He wrote various works on astronomy, which was put to practical use in astronomical instruments and methods. Also, Abu al Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Uthman al Azadi , a very popular Muslim writer authored 74 works that dealt with mathematics and  astronomy. 

UK Going Islamic

Converting to Islam - the white Britons becoming Muslims
Regents Park Mosque
Conversions at Regent's Park Mosque in London happen on a weekly basis
Sarah Joseph
Sarah Joseph converted to Islam when she was a teenager

As 22-year-old Aisha Uddin recites Surah Al-Fatiha - the first chapter of the Koran - at home with close friend Sameeah Karim, she may stumble over one word but otherwise the text is perfectly recounted.

Aisha Uddin: 'It's a change I'm happy I've made'
But unlike Sameeah, 35, who has Pakistani heritage and grew up reading the holy book, Aisha is newer to it: she used to be called Laura and only converted to Islam two years ago.
She is pale and has bright blue eyes; originally from Birmingham, until recently she dressed like many other young white British women.
"Before it was the jeans, the hoodies, loads of make-up," she says.
Now Aisha wears a long black jilbab (a long flowing over-garment) and a cream-coloured hijab (headscarf).

"For me now, obviously it's a dramatic change, but it's a change I'm happy I've made, because now I don't have to prove myself to anybody out there."
Aisha took an interest in religion at school - and started quietly visiting her local mosque to find out more.
"Islam caught my eye and I wanted to look further into it - the people, the culture - and I carried on studying it and studying it, even after school. Living in Birmingham, I was surrounded by the religion."
She says she spent years finding out more about Islam before fully committing to the religion, changing her appearance and starting to pray five times a day.
"Life's changed dramatically, I was a rebel before, I was always getting into trouble at home, going out and staying out - not trying hard enough at school.
"Then when I became Muslim, I sort of calmed down. I wanted to stay at home studying on the internet or reading books. And I'm more happy than I was - I'm proud of who I am, I've got a certain identity."
Aisha is one of a growing number of white converts according to a new study by Swansea University for the charity Faith Matters.
Using a number of sources, including a survey of more than 250 British mosques, census data from 2001 and conversion figures in Europe, the researchers estimate that there could be as many as 100,000 converts - of all ethnic backgrounds - in the UK. This represents an increase on an estimated 60,000 converts in 2001.
For an insight into the experiences of Muslim converts, the researchers spoke to 120 - mainly young, white women.
Many converts - like Aisha - reported experiencing hostility from their families. She says her parents thought her conversion represented a rejection of her upbringing.
Support network
"My family they weren't too happy about it, [saying] why change your identity? Why cover your hair? Why dress the way you dress?" says Aisha.
"Being in a society where there's so much bad press around... but if you actually get to know these people, they're the friendliest people ever. I'm proud to be Muslim, I don't care what my family say."
Aisha does have a wider support network now. She has recently had a traditional Asian wedding to a British Bangladeshi man and lives with her in-laws.
She also has a lot of friends, also converts, who she met at new Muslim groups.
Aisha pores over pictures of all the women lined up in their different coloured headscarves at her wedding.
"That's Lailah, that's Hanan, that's Mary… Sameeah's the only Asian one," she laughs.
At Regent's Park Mosque in central London there are many white faces among the crowd for Friday prayers.
Conversions happen here every week - largely on a Saturday, and they are mostly women.
Tony Blair's sister-in-law, Lauren Booth, is a recent convert and prays there.
One London imam, Ajmal Masroor, says the findings of the study come as little surprise to him. He says in his experience around three-quarters of converts are women.
'Personal journey'
"Many people are looking for a spiritual and fulfilling lifestyle rather than the hedonistic, materially-driven one that we have around us," says Imam Masroor.
"They find an answer in Islam. Women are hard-wired to reflect and think and take things more seriously, even from a young age.
Continue reading the main story
Start Quote
The hijab was and very much is about the search for inner beauty”
Sarah Joseph
Muslim convert
"This has been going on for the last 20 years and more so since 9/11. People are curious, so they go to the book rather than the distorted media headlines.
"They learn that Islam is fulfilling as a personal journey as well as a collective conscience."
Sarah Joseph sits in her office studying the latest edition of Emel, the Muslim lifestyle magazine she edits.
She converted to Islam as a teenager and has adopted the headscarf, saying she was looking for something with more meaning.
"I'd grown up in a model agency and I'd been surrounded my whole life by external beauty, and the hijab was, and very much is, about the search for inner beauty," she says.
Despite the difficulties, Sarah says British converts have a vital role to play in explaining two sides - Britain's Muslim and non-Muslim communities - to each other.
"[Converts have] authentically belonged to two traditions and should act as a conduit to show each side that we share far more than we differ."

Tuesday, July 3, 2012

Islam - No One Can Stop it and Conquering America

This is from Quran Surah Saff - Ayah 8 and 9 from Tafeemul Quran

يُرِيدُونَ لِيُطْفِئُوا نُورَ اللَّهِ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَاللَّهُ مُتِمُّ نُورِهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ ﴿61:8﴾ 
هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ ﴿61:9﴾ 

(61:8) They seek to extinguish Allah’s light (by blowing) with their mouths, but Allah shall spread His light in all its fullness, howsoever the unbelievers may abhor this. *12
*12 One should bear in mind that these verses were sent down in A.H. 3 after the Battle of Uhud, when Islam was confined only to the city of Madinah, the Muslims were only a few thousands in number, and entire Arabia was bent upon wiping out this religion. The defeat that the Muslims had suffered at Uhud, had sullied their image of power and the tribes of the surrounding areas had been emboldened. Under such conditions it was said: "No one will succeed in blowing out this Light of Allah, but it will shine forth in all fullness and spread throughout the world." This was a clear prediction which literally came true. Who could know apart from Allah at that time what was the future of Islam? Human eyes could only sec that it was a flickering candle and violent winds were blowing to put it out for ever.
(61:9) He it is Who has sent forth the Messenger with the Guidance and the True Religion that He may make it prevail over all religion, however those that associate aught with Allah in His Divinity might dislike this. *13
*13 "The mushriks ": those who combine the service of others with the service of AIIah and mix other religions in the Religion of Allah; who are not prepared to see that the entire system of lift is established on the obedience and guidance of One God; who insist that they will worship any deity they like and base
"Then said the priest: 'How shall the Messiah be called, and what sign shall reveal his coming? "Jesus answered: `The name of the Messiah is admirable, ,for God himself gave him the name when he had created his soul, and placed it in a celestial splendour. God said: `Wait Muhammad; for thy sake I will to create paradise, the world, and a great multitude of creatures whereof I make thee a present, insomuch that whoso shall bless thee shall be blessed, and whose shall curse thee shall be accursed, When I shall send thee into the world, I shall send thee as my messenger of salvation, and thy word shall be true, insomuch that heaven and earth shall fail, but thy faith shall newer fail. Muhammad is his blessed name' (Ch. 97)
Barnabas writes that on one occasion Jesus spoke to his disciples and said that one of them (who was to be Judas Iscariot) would sell him to the enemies for 30 pieces of gold. Then said:
"Whereupon I am sure that who shall sell me, be slain in my name, for that God shall take me up from the earth, and shall change the appearance of the traitor so that every one shall believe him to be me; nevertheless when he dieth an evil death, I shall abide in that dishonour for a long time in the world But when Mohammed shall come, the sacred messenger of God, that infamy shall be taken away. And this shall God do because I have confessed the truth of the Messiah, who shall give me this reward that I shall be known to be alive and to be a stranger to that death of infamy.' (Ch. i 12)
(To the disciples Jesus said:) "Verily I say unto you that if the truth had not been erased from the book of Moses, God would not have given to David our father the second. And if the book of David had not been contaminated, God would not have committed the Gospel to me; seeing that the Lord our God is unchangeable, and hath spoken but one message to a]I men. Wherefore, when the messenger of God shall come, he shall come to cleanse away all where with the ungodly have contaminated my book.' (Ch.124)
In these clear and comprehensive prophecies there are only three things which at first sight appear to be doubtful. First, that in these and in several other passages of the Gospel of Barnabas the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) has denied his own self being the Messiah. Second, that not only in these but at many other places also in this Gospel the Holy Messenger's actual name "Muhammad" has been mentioned, whereas this is not the way the Prophets make prophecies: they do not mention the actual name of the one coming in the future. Third, that in these the Holy Prophet (upon whom be Allah's peace) has been called the Messiah
The answer to the first objection is that not only in the Gospel of Barnabas but in the Gospel according to Luke also it is mentioned that the Prophet Jesus had forbidden his disciples to call him the Christ (the Messiah). The words in Luke are: "He said unto them, But whom say ye that I am? Peter answering said, The Christ of God. And he strictly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing." (9: 20-21) Probably the reason was that about the Messiah whom the Israelites were awaiting, they thought he would subdue the enemies of truth by the sword. Therefore, the Prophet Jesus (peace be on him) said that he was not that Messiah* but he would come rafat him.
The answer to the second objection is that no doubt in the extant Italian translation of Barnabas the Holy Prophet's name has been written as "Mohammed", but no one knows through how many different languages has this book reached the Italian. Obviously, the original Gospel of Barnabas must be in Syriac, because that was the language of Jesus and his companions. If the original book were extant, it could be seen what name of the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) was written in it. Now what one can assume is that originally the Prophet Jesus must have used the word Munhamanna as we have explained above by citing Ibn Ishaq's reference to St. John's Gospel. Then different translators may have translated it in their own languages. Later, probably some translator seeing that the name given in the prophecy was exactly synonymous with the word "Mohammed" may have written this very sacred name of the Holy Prophet. Therefore, the mere appearance of this name only is not enough to give rise to the doubt that the entire Gospel of Barnabas has been forged by a Muslim.
The answer to the third objection is that the word "Messiah" is an Israelite technical term, which has bets used in the Qur'an particularly for the Prophet Jesus for the reason that the Jews had denied his being the Messiah; otherwise it- is neither a Qur'anic term nor has it been used anywhere in the Qur'an in the meaning of the Israelite term, Therefore, if the Prophet Jesus used the word Messiah for the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), and the Qur'an has not used this word for him, it is not right to conclude that the Gospel of Barnabas ascribes something to him which the Qur'an denies. In fact, it was customary with the Israelites that when somebody or something was set aside for a sacred cause, the person or thing was anointed with the holy oil on the head and consecrated. This anointing with the oil was called mesh in Hebrew, and the one thus anointed messiah " Utensils were likewise anointed and set aside for use in the house of worship. THe priests also were anointed when they were appointed to priesthood. The kings and the prophets too were anointed when they were designated to kingship or prophethood by God. Thus, according to the Bible, there have been many messiahs in the history of the Israelites. The Prophet Aaron was a messiah as a priest, Moses as a priest and a prophet, Saul as a king, David as a king and a prophet, Melchizedek as a king and a priest, and AI-Yas'a (Elisha) was a messiah as a prophet. Later, it was no longer regarded as necessary to appoint a person by their beliefs and morals and civilization on any philosophy and doctrine they please, As against the ways of such people, it is being said that the Messenger of AIlah has not been sent to make a compromise with than, but' with the object that he .should cause the Guidance and Religion of Truth which he has brought from Allah to prevail ove all religion, i.e. every aspect of the way of life. This mission he has to accomplish in any case whether the disbelievers and polytheists like it or not, and whoever they support it or resist it. This declaration has been made in the Qur'an at two other places about, in Surah At Taubah: 33 and Surah AI-Fath: 28. Here it has been re-iterated for the third time. (For further explanation, see E.N. 32 of At-Taubah and E.N. 51 of Al-Fath).