This blog is dedicated to ideas for Ethical Transparent Value Based Sustainable and Peaceful tomorrow.
Friday, November 5, 2010
India's Growth - Where is poor going............
India is growing and growing very fast but where is its poor going...........unfortunately I am not able to see. Stock market is zooming, how many indians are investing in it. When world's biggest capitalist is coming to India, at this time the most important question the government must answer .. " Where its commitment lies?".
Unfortunately this goverment may be good for rich, but with all words of development poverty is rising. If India fails to include its poor in growth and development, then it is going to be disastar for the nation.
Unfotunately present government with all its rhetoric for inclusive growth fail to include the poor in this story of development. Life and its affordability becoming more and more difficult for poor.
Healthcare, drinking water and electricity, housing , sanitation all are absent in rural India. Electricity comes occasionaly and yes no water in summer. Malnutrition Childs are highest here.
Without taking all together, growth can not be servived.
Water Conservation and Agriculture and village industries should be the pririty of the development.
Privatisation ............ or selling of old assets of nation can't solve the real problem.
New paradigm of development is must....... which includes all sections of societies.
Thursday, April 29, 2010
God's Own Work@Goldman Sach
This is unending love story of capitalist economy called “Financial Crisis”. How the Wall Street and biggies of Wall Street loves money, and how much they love it. They have given this name “God own work”. They are doing God’s own work by cheating and defrauding. Making richer more rich and poor …………… poorer. This is called God’s Own Work in their words. But unfortunately this is exactly the definition of Capitalism. The whole concept of free money, free economy, without control and restriction and governance is what Capitalist Want.
If we look at whole financial crisis we can very easily say that the core reason is manipulation, and cheating, which they named structuring. Structuring of financial product, derivatives and swaps in such a way which nobody can understand.
Goldman Sach is being investigated for fraud, but the list is very long. The Greek debt by Goldman Sach should also be considered as cheating and their role in collapse of Lehman Brothers must also be investigated.
When I have gone through whole document of evidence and financial crisis I came to the following conclusion.
Financial Crisis, world has seen the big names of finance and banking no more exists, they are gone and gone for ever. Because of the financial melt down, more people has gone into poverty and more people finding it difficult to meet the both ends. What is problem and who is responsible for, and what is the alternative and long term solution.
What is problem?
The problem lies in the system where making money from money at any cost is sole objective called as capitalism. The specific reason related to the financial crisis is as below.
- Financial Crisis and collapse of financial industry, moral hazard is the core of the causes.
- Securitization eliminates the incentive for the originator of the loan to be credit sensitive... With securitization, the dealer (almost) does not care as these loans can be laid off through securitization.(called a ‘‘moral’’ hazard). The originating banks replenished their funds, enabling them to issue more loans and generating transaction fees.
- Credit rating agencies having given investment-grade ratings to MBSs based on risky subprime mortgage loans. However, there are also indications that some involved in rating subprime-related securities knew at the time that the rating process was faulty. ( moral hazard)
· The Bank of International Settlements, which seems to be the only institution that tracks the derivatives market, has recently reported that global outstanding derivatives have reached 1.14 quadrillion dollars: $548 Trillion in listed credit derivatives plus $596 trillion in notional/OTC derivatives. And a look at their massive exposure shows that even a small miscalculation or stumble in the capital markets could be a recipe for unprecedented disaster. The majority of the $1.28 quadrillion in derivatives are “owned” on somewhere near 95 percent margin!
“Reason for Financial Crisis in Short”
o Unethical Practices and Moral Hazard
o Securitization and speculation
o Paper Currency
o Derivatives and Structured Products
If we look at the core of the financial crisis, it all started with unethical practices of lenders/banks to lend the money who can not afford it. These bankers are only interested in getting processing fees and placement fees and making money on it. They bundled these entire low quality loan into securities, and sold to the market. Most importantly rating agencies rated these securities wrongly to get good rating. Then market players sold CDS and Interest rates swaps on them based on these rating. Then speculators played on these securities to generate profits.
When it comes to commodities I can say securitization of commodities market and derivatives played by the speculators are the sole reason for the high prices of commodities across the world. Derivatives are the other reason of collapse. Role of paper currency is another very important issue at the center of financial crisis. These papers currencies which do not have any weight themselves has become most important tool of the speculators, derivatives, currencies and their casino’s has played key role in financial crisis. Securitization and securities market has become the 24 hour casinos for the speculators who play on 95% barrowed money. (Commodities, currencies and derivatives)
Why not Auditors and Credit Rating Agencies?
But a crucial question remains that has not had much exposure: where were the auditors? Unqualified audit reports up to the collapse had concluded that the directors’ reports and accounts reasonably reflected reality.
Auditors have contributed to the crisis by accepting directors’ “mark-to-market” valuation of trading assets, when some basic questions would have shown them that those directors (i) hadn’t the remotest clue what was in the mortgage / loan packages they had acquired; (ii) were utterly bemused by the nature of the complex derivatives on which their asset valuation rested; and (iii) knew that there was no market to “mark” to.
Derivatives are central to the demise of Lehman. Its annual accounts mention derivatives contracts with a face value of $738bn and fair value of $36.8bn.
The Role Played by Credit Rating Agencies
Flaws in rating methodologies were the major reason for underestimating the credit default risks of instruments collateralized by subprime mortgages.
The governance of credit rating agencies did not adequately address issues relating to conflicts of interests and analytical independence.
Rating process needs to be optimized
Looking back at market developments and rating activities during the past few months, it becomes clear that a number of factors have adversely affected the quality of the work done by CRAs: