These are the ethics and moral standards of heads of global institutions. These institutions preach the ethics and morals to everybody, " Nations and Individuals." The peoples who are corrupt in their personal life, how can they serve the humanity. The most important criteria for the leadership is its Moral Standards.
The best has the first right to lead and defination of the best is, "Quran :- (49:13) Human beings, We( Allah) created you all from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes so that you may know one another. Verily the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the most God-fearing of you. Surely Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware"
The qualities of leadership is as below,
Islamic perspective of Holistic Leadership
• Leadership in Islam
§ Definition - Process of moving and guiding people in a planned direction in which is truly in their long term best interest. Leadership is about making a change for the better
§ Objective - Provide for happiness (al falah) in this world and hereafter (dual worldview)
§ Mechanism - Obedience to the Shariah. Act in accordance with the injunctions of Allah and His Prophet
• Guiding Principles
§ Trust (Amanah)
§ Responsibility (Taklif)
§ Accountability (Mas’uliyyah)
• The Prophet Muhammad, (PBUH) is the greatest leader of all time
• Prophet’s Leadership Qualities:
§ Guiding others through modeling
§ Talent and technical specific skills
§ Initiative and drive
§ Charismatic inspiration
§ Preoccupation with role
§ Clear sense of purpose
§ Results oriented
§ Cooperation work with others
§ Encourage and nurture others below
Islamic perspective of holistic leadership
10 Essential Personal Qualities of Muslim Leaders
• Fasahah - Eloquence. Communication skills are necessary for any leadership role
"I have been given the authority over you, and I am not the best of you. If I do well, help me; and if I do wrong, set me right. Sincere regard for truth is loyalty and disregard for truth is treachery. The weak amongst you shall be strong with me until I have secured his rights, if God will; and the strong amongst you shall be weak with me until I have wrested from him the rights of others, if God will. Obey me so long as I obey God and His Messenger (Muhammad, pbuh). But if I disobey God and His Messenger, ye owe me no obedience. Arise for your prayer, God have mercy upon you.“
Abu Bakar when he was appointed as khalif
• Adl – Justice
O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah, as witness to fair dealings and let not hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just that is next to piety (Quran 5:8)
• Shura - Mutual consultation or decision making. What kind of counselors do we need?
Extract of Letter written by Khalifah Ali bin Abi Talib addressed to Malik Bin Al Haris on his appointment as Governor of Egypt (655 C.E.)
“The worst of counselor is he who has served as counselor to unjust rulers and shared their crimes. So never let men who have been companions of tyrants or shared their crimes be your counselors. You can get better men than these, men gifted with intelligence and foresight, but unpolluted by sin, men who have never aided a tyrant in his tyranny or criminal in his crime. Such men will never be a burden to you. On the other hand, they will be source of help and strength to you at all times”.
• Taqwa - Fear of Allah
It is only the evil one that suggests to you the fear of his allies; be you no afraid of them, but fear Me, if you have faith! (Quran 3:175)
• Yaqin - conviction.
The leadership of Abu Bakar in handling the Romans, those who refused to pay zakat and the false prophet musailamah. Umar thought that it would not be a good idea to fight those people just because they fail to pay zakat. Abu Bakar replied “Revelation finished and religion was completed. Would it decrease while I am alive? When Umar say the strong conviction and firmness of Abu Bakar he immediately changed his position.
• Ma’refah - Knowledge
[and] God will exalt by [many] degrees those of you who have attained to faith and, [above all,] such as have been vouchsafed [true] knowledge: for God is fully aware of all that you do.(al-mujadalah: 11)
• Sabr - Patience
Be sure We shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently preserve. Who say when afflicted with calamity “To Allah we belong and to him is our return” (Quran 2: 155-156)
Or do you think that you shall enter the Garden (of Bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They encountered sufferings and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: “When (will come) the help of Allah” Ah the help of Allah is (always) near!
• Leen - Leniency
It was by the mercy of Allah that you were lenient with them (O Muhammad), for if you had been stern and fierce of heart they would have dispersed from round you. So pardon them and upon the conduct of affairs. And when you are resolved, then put your trust in Allah. Lo! Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). Quran 3: 159
• Tadhhiyah - Self-Sacrifice
God has purchased of the believers their persons and their goods: for their (in return) is the garden (of paradise): They fight in His cause and slay and are slain, a promise binding on Him in Truth, through the Law, the Gospel and the Quran: and who is more faithful to his covenant than God? They rejoice in the bargain which we have concluded: That is the achievement supreme. Quran 9:111
Attitude and sacrifice of the prophet and him companions: Invocation of the prophet just before the battle of Badr “O God, here is Quraysh with all her tribe seeking to belie your Prophet. O God, give us the assistance which you promised. O God, if this little army perishes, when will you be worshipped again?”
The above invocation of the prophet indicates that even at the perilous moment before battle, the prophet’s mind is centered upon completion of his mission so that Islam prevails on this earth.
The prophet is never concerned for himself and had indeed sacrificed everything for the sake of Allah and His religion - Islam.
Statement by an Italian scholar, Leone P Di Teonao Caetani, writing in the late 17th century about the companions of the Prophet:
• These men were the true moral heirs of the prophet, the future apostles of Islam, the faithful trustee of all that Muhammad had revealed unto the men of God
• Into these men, through their constant contact with the Prophet and their devotion to him, there had already entered a new mode of thought and feeling, loftier and more civilized than any they had known before: they had really changed for the better from every point of view, and later on as statesmen and generals, in the most difficult moments of war of conquest they gave magnificent and undeniable proof that the ideas and the doctrines
• Muhammad had been seed cast on fruitful soil, and had produced a body of men of the very highest worth
It is the right of people to chose best leadership for them, the one who is not corrupt and moraly bad. It is human right of the people to have a leader who is ameen ( trustworthy) and who can preserve wealth and rights of people. We do not need morally corrupt leaders to head global bodies and nations.